BRAININ, REUBEN

BRAININ, REUBEN
BRAININ, REUBEN (1862–1939), Hebrew and Yiddish author. Brainin was born in Lyady, Belorussia, and received a traditional Jewish education. His first article was on the last days of perez smolenskin (Ha-Meliẓ (1888), no. 59). In 1892 he settled in Vienna where he published an influential but short-lived periodical Mi-Mizraḥ u-mi-Ma'arav (1894–99) which was intended to be a bridge between European and Hebrew literature. Only four issues were published at long intervals, with articles on Tolstoy, Nietzsche, Ibsen, and Hebrew scholars such as elijah b. solomon zalman of Vilna. Brainin also published essays in the annual Aḥi'asaf. He attracted wide attention with his caustic critique of judah leib gordon in the first issue of Ha-Shilo'aḥ (1896), edited by Aḥad Ha-Am . The central theme of Brainin's work was Hebrew literature in the context of world literature. His flair for biography came to the fore in monographs on two great writers of the Haskalah period, Perez Smolenskin (1896) and abraham mapu (1900), which possessed an unusual freshness of tone and approach. He championed the young and unknown saul tchernichowsky , who became one of the great Hebrew poets of the century. In Ha-Dor (founded in 1900), Brainin published articles and sketches on contemporary Hebrew writers and artists. There was hardly a Hebrew periodical of the time to which Brainin did not contribute. He also wrote extensively in Yiddish and contributed articles to the Russian-Jewish press. In 1909 Brainin settled in America where he founded the periodical Ha-Deror. He spent a few years in Canada, where he edited two Yiddish papers: first the Kanader Adler (1912–15), then Der Weg (1915–16). He returned to New York and assumed the editorship of Ha-Toren (1919–25), first as a weekly, then as a monthly. In New York he also published the first volume of an uncompleted biography of Herzl, Ḥayyei Herzl (1919), covering the period up to the First Zionist Congress. Toward the end of his life, Brainin wrote almost exclusively in Yiddish. His championship of the autonomous Jewish province of Birobidzhan in Soviet Russia alienated him from Hebrew writers and Hebrew literature. The three volumes of his selected writings (Ketavim Nivḥarim, 1922–40) afford an insight into his activities as a critic, publicist, and writer of sketches and short impressionistic stories. He also translated into Hebrew M. Lazarus' Der Prophet Jeremias (1897) and Max Nordau's Paradoxes (1901). (For English translations of his works see goell , Bibliography, 2010, 2763–73.) His son JOSEPH (1895–1970) was a U.S. journalist and publicist. Joseph, born in Vienna, served with the Jewish Battalion of the British forces in Palestine during World War I. In 1918 he obtained permission from the Canadian prime minister to form a Jewish legion, which he recruited in Canada and the United States to reinforce the Jewish Battalion. In 1921 he emigrated to the United States and founded the Seven Arts Feature Syndicate. He served as its editor in chief until 1938. Joseph was associated with the American Committee for the Weizmann Institute of Science from 1953 and became executive vice president in 1957. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: B. Shelvin, R. Brainin (Heb., 1922); Waxman, Literature, 4 (19602), 372–6; Z. Fishman, in: En Hakore, 1 (1923), 105–18 (includes bibliography); Lachower, Sifrut, 3 pt. 2 (1963), 3–14; A. Sha'anan, Ha-Sifrut ha-Ivrit ha-Ḥ¦ḍ¦ṣḥ¦ḥ li-Zerameha, 2 (1962), 158–66; M.J. Berdyczewski (Bin Gorion), Bi-Sedeh Sefer, 2 (1921), 64–70; J. Fichmann, in: Ha-Tekufah, 12 (1921), 483–6; Kressel, Leksikon, 1 (1965), 350–3. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: N. Karuzo, Mafte'aḥ la-Mikhtavim be-Yiddish u-ve-Ivrit bi-Yeẓirato shel R. Brainin (1985). (Eisig Silberschlag)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Brainin, Reuben — (1862 1939)    American Hebrew and Yiddish author of Russian origin. He was born in Belorussia and lived for a time in Vienna and Berlin. At the beginning of the 20th century he encouraged the infusion of humanistic themes and new literary forms… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Brainin-Passek — Valeri Brainin (auch Willi Brainin Passek; russisch Валерий Борисович Брайнин/Waleri Borissowitsch Brainin; * 27. Januar 1948 in Nischni Tagil) ist ein aus Moskau stammender Musikwissenschaftler, Komponist, Pädagoge und Literat, der Sohn des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Reuben Brainin — Reuben Brainin, Ruben Brainin, or Reuven Brainin (1882 1939) was a Jewish publicist and biographer.He was born in Russia in the last half of the 19th century and had moved to Berlin by 1902. At different times Brainin contributed to the… …   Wikipedia

  • Brainin — (Брайнин, also Brainen, Brajnin, Braynen, Breinin) is Russian Jewish surname and may refer to: *Boris Brainin (Sepp Österreicher, 1905 1996), Austrian poet and translator [ [http://www.lib.ndsu.nodak.edu/grhc/articles/magazines/articles/lexikon.ht… …   Wikipedia

  • Brainin — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Brainin (Брайнин, también Brainen, Brajnin, Braynen, Breinin) es el apellido ruso judío y puede referirse a: Boris Brainin (Sepp Österreicher, 1905 1996), poeta y traductor austriaco Danny Brainin (? ?), actor de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Reuben — ist eine hebräische und englische Form von Ruben. Reuben ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Gloria Reuben (* 1964), kanadische Schauspielerin und Musikerin Jacob ben Reuben (Karäer), Karäer und Bibelexeget im 11. Jahrhundert Jacob ben… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Reuben Brainin — Ruben Brainin (Ruben ben Mordechai Brainin oder Reuben bzw. Reuven Brainin; * 16. März 1862 in Ljady, Weißrussland; † 30. November 1939) war ein hebräischer und jiddischer Schriftsteller und Literaturkritiker. Er erhielt die traditionelle… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Brainin — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronymes (Брайнин, à l origine russe juif) Boris Brainin (Sepp Österreicher, 1905–1996), poète et traducteur autrichien David Brainin (1905–1942),… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Valeri Brainin — Valeri Brainin, Russian/German musicologist, music manager, composer, and poet. Born 27th of January 1948 in Nizhni Tagil, Russia, in the family of Austrian poet and translator, political emigre Boris Brainin (Sepp Österreicher), who belonged to… …   Wikipedia

  • Boris Brainin — Boris Brainin, Geburtsname: Leer Brainin, Hauptpseudonym: Sepp Österreicher, andere Pseudonyme: Natalie Sinner, Berthold Brandt, Klara Peters;[1][2] (* 10. August 1905, Nikolajew, Russisches Kaiserreich, heute Ukraine; † 11. März 1996 in Wien)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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